Hsinchu and the Hakka heartland | Taiwan
Hakka people make up just one-seventh of Taiwan’s population, but constitute the majority in a broad belt of hilly country which reaches from near Taiwan’s main international airport at Taoyuan, through the counties of Hsinchu and Miaoli, almost as far as Taichung. In this region’s small towns and villages, the Hakka language remains in daily use.
Even without cultural and artistic attractions such as Sanyi Wood Sculpture Museum, this part of Taiwan should be on every visitor’s itinerary. In the hills above Sanyi, the little settlement of Shengxing is appealingly quaint. A short distance away, Longteng Broken Bridge stands as a photogenic reminder of a disastrous 1935 earthquake.
Extremely pretty rural landscapes can also be found in the townships of Nanzhuang and Beipu, while hot springs and challenging hill walks await the adventurous in Taian. Serious hikers should travel further inland and explore the western portion of Shei-Pa National Park.
Those who’d rather shop and enjoy rich urban character will find Hsinchu City more to their liking. These days it’s synonymous with high-tech industries – as a result, thousands of outsiders have moved in for career reasons – but it is in fact one of Taiwan’s oldest cities. Long before Taipei emerged as a place of importance, Hsinchu had a class of sophisticated scholar-officials and merchants. They built mansions and endowed temples, many of which still exist. Tours of the downtown are best begun at the City God Temple (also known as Du Chenghuang Temple), where the principal god is the highest-ranking of Taiwan’s town and city deities.
As in Taipei, the protective wall which once encircled the heart of Hsinchu was demolished during the period of Japanese rule. However, the magnificent Yingxi Old East Gate continues to be the city’s best-known landmark. A stroll along nearby Beimen Street will take you back in time. The street’s width – about 3.8 m – was determined not for reasons of urban planning, but because in Chinese traditional thinking, one and two tenths zhang is considered an auspicious measurement.