Each hour at least two trains from Taipei and two more from Kaohsiung, arrive at Tainan’s High-Speed Railway (HSR) station. The station is inconveniently located far from the downtown. Bullet trains take one hour 40 minutes to/from Taipei (US$49 one way), while Kaohsiung is just 15 minutes away (US$5 one way), but travelers should allow another half hour to reach the city centre. For the final leg of the journey, shuttle buses and a commuter train service are alternatives to taking a taxi, but don’t go anywhere near some popular hotels.
Conventional trains and long-distance buses link Tainan with all of Taiwan’s major cities. By coach, Taipei is around four and a half hours away (one-way tickets cost between US$8 and US$18; peak periods are pricier than midweek).
The best way to get to Kaohsiung to the south is by regular train, with most of the very frequent services making the journey in under an hour and costing less than US$3. Chiayi, from where it’s possible to travel on to Alishan, lies to the north and is slightly further away; express trains require 40 minutes (US$6 one way). Tourists heading to the east coast can bypass Kaohsiung and board one of the five trains per day to Taitung (travel time three to four hours; one-way tickets cost US$12 to US$16 but should be booked a few days in advance).
Many of Tainan’s historical attractions are within walking distance of one another, but getting to Anping means either hailing a taxi (which shouldn’t cost more than US$7 from the city centre) or boarding the No. 2 city bus (services every 20 minutes; journey takes around 25 minutes; less than US$1 one way). Once in Anping, it’s possible to rent a bicycle – advisable for those hoping to see the coast – or simply walk from one relic to the next.
Renting a car in Tainan makes some sense – not for the city itself, but for exploring the surrounding countryside. If driving oneself, the Buddhist complex at Foguangshan, Pingtung County’s indigenous communities and Taijiang National Park come within striking distance. Rental companies have offices inside the HSR station and very close to the conventional railway station.
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